Did Boris Johnson intentionally mislead Parliament about what he knew and when about rule-breaking events in Number 10? The privileges committee maintains it is “very likely” he did.

Wednesday’s appearance in front of the privileges committee was billed as the day of reckoning for the former prime minister, with all the jeopardy that it brought. Instead, after months of gathering evidence and testimony from witnesses, there was no smoking gun.

That’s not to say it wasn’t uncomfortable, awkward and at times terse as Mr Johnson underwent over three and a half hours of hostile cross-examination from a cross-bench group of MPs.

The former prime minister insisted he did not intentionally or recklessly mislead parliament when he told MPs that guidance and rules had been followed at all times in Number 10, not once but on two occasions in December 2021.

At the heart of his defence was the argument that while guidance was at times broken, in the round officials tried to stick to the principles, even when social distancing wasn’t “complied with perfectly”, and that he relied on advice of his officials.

But there were difficult moments no doubt as the prime minister at times grew tetchy under cross-examination.

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Sir Bernard Jenkin, quizzing Mr Johnson on Lee Cain’s unsocially distanced leaving do in Number 10, was told by the PM that such a gathering was “essential for work purposes”.

The senior Conservative shot back that had the PM been asked at his press conference podium whether “it was okay for organisations to hold un-socially distanced farewell gatherings in the workplace”, what would he have said? Mr Johnson spluttered something about how they’d have to decide how they were going to implement the guidance: even the non-cynical would likely say that answer was implausible.

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The key moments from Boris Johnson’s evidence to the privileges committee.

And what of the “BYOB” – Bring Your Own Booze – Number 10 garden party on May 20? Again Mr Johnson was adamant this was a work event to thank staff (many of whom were fined). Why then was Lee Cain, his then director of communications, concerned about the “optics, not about the rules”?

“I think he was concerned about the impression that people might gain if they looked over the garden wall, if they were coming from the the media room and thought that we were doing something other people weren’t allowed to do,” said Mr Johnson.

“I can see why people might have felt that way. But as I told the House when I came to report on that event, I still believe it within the guidance and within the rules.”

It might not pass the ‘head-over-the-garden-wall’ test, but in Mr Johnson’s version of life at Number 10, unsocially distanced farewell gatherings were allowed at work – a memo the rest of the country failed receive.

What these examples show was the incredulity of MPs quizzing the former PM on what they clearly thought were obvious breaches he saw with his own eyes – and Mr Johnson’s resolute assertion that everything he laid his eyes on was within the rules.

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Political editor Beth Rigby and Mark Austin discuss key moments from today’s inquiry.

And the stuff he didn’t see? Well, he relied on key staff to advise him whether events were in the rules.

On this, the PM came a bit unstuck, with evidence from three of his closest advisors – his then director of communications, his cabinet secretary and his principle private secretary – stating their did not give assurances that all guidance and rules were followed at all times.

And on that, the outstanding question is why the Prime Minister didn’t come to the Commons to correct the record earlier. His response seemed to be that, in the round, he thought guidance had been followed where possible – and even when asked by Ms Harman if he wanted to correct the record and acknowledge guidance wasn’t followed at all times, he refused to budge.

“My view remains that the guidance allowed for social distancing not to be carried out with rigid drill sergeant precision, particularly in difficult circumstances, such as the ones in which we were operating, provided you had mitigations.”

No smoking gun, and both sides sticking to their guns.

At one point during the hearing Sir Bernard said: “I don’t think we agree with your interpretation of guidance.”

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Mr Johnson admitted social distancing was ‘imperfectly observed’ while facing questions from the privileges committee.

Ms Harman was incredulous that the PM was relying on assurances from staff on rules, when he’d seen events with his own eyes.

Read more:
Boris Johnson says No 10 leaving do was ‘absolutely essential for work purposes’
Boris Johnson’s privileges committee grilling: What happens if it finds he misled MPs?

“I mean, if I was going 100 miles an hour and I saw the speedometer saying hundred miles an hour, it would be a bit odd, wouldn’t it, if I said, somebody assured me that I wasn’t”?

Questions then: was Mr Johnson diligent enough in seeking assurances, did he correct the record when it emerged that rules and guidance weren’t followed or did he intentionally mislead Parliament?

The committee now have to deliberate on what to do next, and we’re unlikely to know for weeks whether Mr Johnson will be censured.

At worst he could be suspended for at least 10 days, which would enable voters in his Uxbridge and South Ruislip constituency to hold a “recall petition” and seek to trigger a by-election – a nuclear option that would cause real ructions on the Conservative benches.

It’s not just Mr Johnson who wants to put the whole sorry affair behind him – it’s the current prime minister too. What’s still not clear is whether Parliament will let them.